City passportUfa - capital of Bashkortostan Republic
Ufa was founded in 1574 as a fortress. Now it is a large administrative, industrial, cultural and scientific center of the Republic of Bashkortostan, and of the Ural region as a whole. The city occupies over 710 square kilometers, while its population exceeds 1 million people representing over 100 nationalities and ethnic groups. Ufa believers profess mostly Islam and Orthodox Christianity, among other religions.
Our beautiful Ufa is rich in history. According to the archaeologists, historians and folk legends, there were ancient towns on the territory of modern Ufa even in the 5th century, which never ceased to exist here till 16th century. These vivid and curious pages from the faraway past are waiting to be discovered in the future.
Ufa is an important transportation center. All kinds of transport routes, such as railway, air, river and motorway ones, connect the city with all other regions of Russia and countries of Europe and Asia. The city numbers over 1,000 streets with the total length of more than 1,000 kilometers, 22 bridges and 6 river ferries. Ufa airport has an international status.
Two multi-industry complexes build up the economic basis of Ufa: fuel-and-energy and machine-building. Almost 50 percent of Bashkortostan Republic’s industrial potential is located in Ufa. In 2011 Ufa’s large and medium-scale industrial enterprises produced the amount of goods and services equivalent to USD 17.8 bln. The industrial production index totaled 108.1%.
Many urban facilities of the highest demand are constructed in Ufa: schools and hospitals, roads and bridges, sports facilities and recreation centers. The total floorspace of residential houses built and put into operation in 2010 amounted to 702 thousand square meters.
Ufa engages in trading cooperation with more than 80 foreign countries. In 2011 the foreign trade turnover of Ufa's enterprises totaled over USD 1.4 mln., which is higher than in 2010. The export rate is three times larger than the import rate. Ufa's most important trade partners include China, India, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, France, South Korea, Turkey, Ukraine, USA etc.
Ufa is a donor of both republic's and federal budgets. In 2010 Ufa’s enterprises and organizations transferred the total of USD 3.7 bln. to all levels of the budgetary system, specifically:
– the federal budget – USD 2.2 bln. (58.9%);
– the budget of Bashkortostan Republic – USD 1.2 bln. (32.6%);
– the budget of Ufa City – USD 0.3 bln, (8.5%).
The annually-growing credit rating of the city demonstrates the interest which Russian and foreign businesses take in investing capitals into the development of our economy. As of today the city’s international credit rating according to Standard&Poor’s is “ВB+/Positive”.
Great importance is attached to large investment projects involving foreign capital. A number of investment projects are being implemented with the participation of international financial institutions, such as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Various branches of Ufa’s economy effectively attract businessmen from Austria, Germany, Sweden, USA, UK, Turkey and other countries.
The successfully implemented projects include a glassware factory (Şişecam Group, Turkey), a ceramic tile factory (Lasselsberger Ceramics, Austria), DIY hypermarkets (Castorama and Leroy Merlin, France), a multifunctional family shopping center (IKEA, Sweden) and others.
About 15,000 babies were born in Ufa in 2011. Natural population growth amounted to about 2,300 people. Ufa is one of the leading million-plus cities of the Russian Federation in terms of the high birth rate and low death rate.
Healthcare services are represented by a municipal network of 61 institutions. These include cardiology, burn, laser surgery, reconstructive and plastic gynecology, neurosurgery and orthopedic centers; a psychiatric hospital, maternity homes, tuberculosis and oncology dispensaries, outpatient clinics.
The city’s educational system embraces 28 institutions of higher education, both public and private, 18 vocational schools and 23 specialized secondary schools. Leading higher education institutions enjoy high ratings and typically rank among top ten Russian Federation institutions of similar specialization.
There are 229 preschool educational institutions and 161 general education schools, as well as 11 ethnic Sunday schools embracing over one thousand pupils.
There are 10 scientific research institutes in Ufa, as well as the Botanical Gardens and the Museum of Archeology and Ethnography which comprises a unique collection of verbal poetic and musical folk lore, exhibits in archeology, ethnography and anthropology. The capital of Bashkortostan also boasts 6 theatres, Bashkir State Philharmonic Society, Bashkir State Puppet Theatre, museums, culture centers and clubs, a circus, ballet and choreography studios, cinemas, a planetarium, two centralized library networks, children's music and arts schools.
Ufa is justly proud of the Akhmet-Zaki Validi National Library which stores about 2 million volumes in various languages, 200 manuscripts of the 15th and 16th centuries, editions of Russian classical writers printed during their lifetime.
Ufa’s coaches nurtured Olympic champions in various sports, including ice hockey, swimming, and speedway. One of the city’s principal sports facilities is the Ufa Arena Ice Palace, a newly-constructed multi-purpose ice arena, which hosts numerous international and domestic competitions.
Residents of Ufa have about a thousand sports facilities at their disposal, including Akbuzat Horse Racing Track, Tennis Palace, 6 stadiums, 13 closed-door swimming pools, a closed-door horse riding school, a shooting center, 254 gyms, mountain ski routes, biathlon and ski jumping facilities.
Ufa has three sister cities, namely Ankara (Turkey), Shenyang (China) and Halle (Saale) (Germany). Agreements for commercial, trade, scientific and cultural cooperation have been signed with Leipzig (Germany), Mersin (Turkey), Sukhum (Abkhazia) and a number of cities within Russian Federation, such as Orenburg, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Yekaterinburg, Perm, Yakutsk and Sterlitamak.
The land of Bashkortostan can boast nature of exceptional beauty. Mountain ridges and boundless steppes, numerous rivers and lakes, picturesque forests have become a visiting card of the republic. Local wildlife is abundant and diverse. Bashkir nature is known and loved far beyond the limits of Bashkortostan. People come here from all regions of Russia to take on mounted and unmounted nature trails, water and sleigh routes, to peep into the caves of the Urals and to taste world-famous Bashkir honey.
The Republic of Bashkortostan is rich in resort institutions. More than 10 fields of healing springs, medicinal mineral water, unique thermal steams and gases have been explored in the republic. Thousands of visitors from abroad and all regions of Russia come annually to relax and recuperate in the Bashkir health resorts.
So welcome to the hospitable land of Bashkortostan and its heart, its capital – Ufa City!